More than 75% of the country's population depends on Agriculture and its several allied sectors. In fact India's economic security is predicted upon its agricultural growth. The varied climate and water resources in different parts of the country pave way for the huge varieties of cropping methods and yielding different crops. However, there are several milestones that are yet to be achieved.
Around 51 % of India's geographical area is under cultivation, however, there is an unprecedented degradation of land and groundwater resources which has lowered agricultural productivity. As compared to advancements in other sectors, farmers and farming methods are deprived of the benefits they could avail.
Every day, farmers in India have been struggling to make ends meet due to loss in productivity of their crops. Due to this, it is important to develop new, innovative strategies to produce food, fuel and fibre sustainably. There are primarily three pillars of sustainability - profit over the long term, optimum utilisation of resources and better quality of life for farmers.
The government released more than Rs 16,000 crore till January 31, 2014 in the financial year 2013-14 to state governments under various schemes of the agriculture ministry. While there are many important schemes or programmes which have been implemented by the government - like Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana, National Horticulture Mission, Integrated Scheme of Oilseeds, Pulses, Oilpalm & Maize, etc - farmers of the region do not have anyone to tell them how they can benefit from it.